Pulmonary Edema

The Common vein

Copyright 2009


Pulmonary edema is a circulatory abnormality of the pulmonary circulation with multiple causes, but most commonly due to left ventricular failure and resulting in the  accumulation of fluid in the interstitium and alveoli of the lungs .

Clinically it results in shortness of breath, coughing, coughing up blood, breathing difficulty, wheezing, sweating, skin paleness, nasal flaring, and behavioral problems.

It is diagnosed clinically by observation, listening to respiratory sounds, oxygen level measurement, chest x-ray, and ultrasound.

Treatment includes the administration of  oxygen, diuretic and cardiac support and if severe may require  intubation, and ventilatory support.